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2019 NECO GCE CIVIC EDUCATION OBJ AND ESSAY QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

CIVIC-OBJ
1-10: BBCCEBDDBD
11-20: ADACBEBECA
21-30: CADDABAAEE
31-40: BBEECECEEB
41-50: DDAEEBBDCE
51-60: ABEDEDBADB

 

(1a)

Value can be define as the degree of quality or worth of a thing. It can also be defined as the lay down rules or standard that guides our interaction with people. value influences our character and attitude towards other people.

 

(1b)

(i) Regular subjects of the school curriculum are the first source of value education. Generally different subjects like science, mathematics, history, civics, literature etc. what we teach in the school has certain values in itself. These subjects will develop some sort of values among the students.

(ii) Co-curricular activities develop some values in school children with its multifarious programmes, which are not only confined with education and instruction, but also provide young pupils with opportunities for self expression and self-fulfillment.

(iii) School environment provides some sort of values among the students. The personal examples, hard work of teachers, the ideals of teachers help the students to

 

(1c)

(i)Consistency: Consistency means the state of always being same in thought, words and behaviours, keeping to the same principles, being regular and unchanging. This is the kind of character expected of a good and responsible citizen, who understands his personal values and those of society.

 

(ii)Tolerance: This is the quality which makes us allow people to express their views or do things in their own way, thougj, though we may not agree with them. A tolerant person will continue to work with other people even when he does not like their way or style of life.

CHECK OUT:  2019 NECO GCE ENGLISH LANGUAGE OBJ AND ESSAY ANSWER

 

(iii)Fairness: This is the quality of being just and honest in one’s dealing with others. There is no room for partiality and favouritism. An individual, who possesses the virtue of fairness, is regarded as one with good values.

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(3)

(i)War and Violence: this may be some of the primary causes of poverty. Political violence and organized crime have affected most countries.

(ii)Colonialism: this has been cited as a cause of poverty, this idea is affecting some post colonial countries which tends to record high poverty rates.

(iii)Unemployment: the rate of unemployment in some countries tends to enhance their poverty rate.

(iv)Poor Utilization Of Resources: mismanagement of a country’s resources can be set-back to poverty in some endowed countries.

(v)Overpopulation: when the number of people in a country out-numbers the country’s resources, this can greatly encourage poverty.

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(4)

(i)Respect for fundamental human rights: The right to personal life, freedom of speech, association etc. must be well catered for in order for capitalist democracy to exist.

(ii)Right of the minority groups: The right of the minority group must be considered and respected in the society.

(iii)Political parties: Without the existence of political parties where members who will manage the affairs of government can be elected by the electorates. There will be no capitalist democracy.

(iv)Equality before the law: In a capitalist economy, nobody should be above the law both the leaders and the follower must remain equal before the law.

(v)Non-intimidators of voters during election: Election should be free and fair; the voters should not be intimidated or be forced to vote to a particular party, as this may discourage them from voting.

CHECK OUT:  2019 NECO GCE GOVERNMENT OBJECTIVE AND ESSAY ANSWER

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(6)

(i)Political Participation: this refers to the interest, activities and involvement of the people in the running of the Government

(ii)Economic Participation: this refers to the competitive market participation. It is a form of participation that ensures free entry and exit in the market.

(iii)Participation by Constitution: this involves participation by consulting people. The organs of Government comes together to modify issue with regard to the responses obtained from the people.

(iv)Intellectual Participation: this is a social institution whereby people are passing social thoughts from one generation to another.

(v)Interactive Participation: this entails joint analysis of political action plan.

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(8a)

Citizenship education is a type of education which instills desirable values, attitudes, skills and knowledge into individuals to enable them participate in the. affairs of their group or adjust functionally as good citizens.
 
(8b)
(i) Political and fundamental right: Citizens enjoy political rights and participate in the functioning of government, i.e., exercise their right to vote, right to contest elections and right to hold public office. Aliens do not possess such rights in the state where they reside temporarily. They however enjoy certain civil rights, i.e., the rights to life, personal property and religion.
(ii) Residency: A citizen is a permanent resident of a state, while an alien is a temporary resident, who comes for a specific duration of time as a tourist or on diplomatic assignment.
(iii) Military activities: At the time of war a citizen can be compelled by the government to join military service while An alien cannot be compelled to undertake military activities.
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Posted by on 14th December 2019.

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